What is Cyclone and How Does it Work?
The conical construction separating air and dust centrifugally in all pneumatic systems is called cyclone. When air-product mixture transported by a certain air flow rate enters the conical construction called cyclone, it makes vortex movement and slows down. In other words, when the air and product mixture suddenly undergoes a phase change from the high speed movement and reaches to a bigger volume, the powder or the transport material falls down due to the gravity effect and centrifuge and the air is discharged to atmosphere. In short, the cyclones work in this manner. Entry to the cyclones may be square, rectangular, round and tangent in shape. It varies depending on the status of the process.
Furthermore, when pneumatic transfer is performed, the material collected in the cyclone is weighed by loadcell. This weighing operation is called dosing because the dosing operation of the material transported pneumatically is realized in the cyclones.